Integrated Village Development
‘Hariyali, Udyamita aur Sampannata’, is a (Sustainable) Integrated Village Development Programme, which aims at holistic village development over a period of five years. The programme primarily strives to address the following issues and takes them to scale thereafter:
Basic Needs Fulfillment: Literacy, Safe Drinking Water, Sanitation and Habitat.
Institutional Strengthening: Youth Club, Children’s Club, Women Self Help Groups (SHGs), Farmer’s Clubs.
Employability: Vocational and Life Skills for Youth and Women.
Enterprise Development: Setting up of Micro-Enterprises.
Clean Technology: Use of Renewable Energy for Domestic/Commercial Use.
Natural Resource Management: Biomass Utilisation as Briquettes for Clean Fuel.
The programme follows a three phase approach: Short, Medium and Long Term.
Short Term (Year 1): It lays the foundation for the entire programme and begins with mobilising the community. The components include training and capacity building of the working community in the village and thereby, setting up of micro-enterprises.
Medium Term (Year 2 and 3): Activities initiated in the first year are scaled up to include the entire community, and institutions established, are further strengthened. Community infrastructure is upgraded in terms of water, sanitation, and habitat. Technology demonstration is undertaken for the management of natural resources.
Long Term (Year 4 and 5): The last two years of the programme focus mainly on the self-sustenance aspects of all the activities, undertaken during the first three years. Efforts are made to make these initiatives self-sustainable in the years to come. Mechanisms and systems are designed and put in place, to bring about the sustainability of all the efforts undertaken.
One of the recent examples, where Integrated Village Development Programme is being carried out, is the PAP (Plant Affected People) villages in Auriaya District of Uttar Pradesh, around GAIL (India) Limited’s Pata Plant.